A brief description about the components of operating system is given below.1. Process Management:The most important task of operating system is to manage and monitor different processes executing in the computer. Generally, a program in execution is called process. Typically, a process is considered as the unit of work in a system. Such a system consists of a collection of processes. Some of which are operating system processes (that execute system code), while the remaining are user processes (that execute user code or application code). The process management component of the operating system manages the processes for execution.A process has some requirements for execution such as input data, I/O devices, and other resources etc.